Warm greetings from the Himalayan Country in the World. Nepal has 8 peaks that are above 8,000m. As below there are 8 peaks named and popular hiking areas of Nepal. Here are Mountain Peaks in Nepal, Which are known as Trekking peaks in Nepal.
Mountain Peaks in Nepal
Nepal occupies the central part of the Himalayan arc (2,400 km), the highest mountain range in the world that lies in southEast Asia. In the Himalayan, “the abode of Snow” in Sanskrit, is a vivid record of the dramatic and visible creations of tectonic forces in modern times. As the strong Indian continental shelf subducts beneath the relatively weak Tibetan shelf, it pushes up the Himalayas, creating the highest mountain peaks in Nepal. Eight of the fourteen eight-thousanders Himalayas are located in Nepal.
Mount Everest (8,848m.) the highest mountain peak in the world stands as a natural ‘boundary pillar’ on the border between the Sagarmatha Zone, Nepal, and Tibet in China. Its surroundings extend into the Sagarmatha National Park of Nepal to the south and the Qomolangma Nature preserve of Tibet (China) to the north.
This is popularly known for its three names. The official Nepali name, Sagarmatha (meaning a forehead reaching the sky) was given by the Nepalese Government in the early 1960s. The Tibetan name, Chomolungma or Qomolangma (Mother Goddess), has been widely known in the local community for centuries. The English name, Everest, was dedicated by the Royal Geographical Society of London in 1913 in honor of the formal Surveyor General of India, George Everest (1887-1900).
In March 1856, the peak was declared as the highest on the earth following several years of field surveys and calculations. It is a source of inspiration and lifetime dentations to many adventures, mountaineers, trekkers, and natural lovers ever since it has been identified as the highest peak.
The first successful ascent of the peak was made by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay on May 29, 1953. By 2007, there had been 3,679 ascents to the summit by 2,436 individuals with 210 casualties.
The Khumbu region where Everest lies is considered to be the most rugged landscape on earth. It is said that the peak along with the entire Himalayan range is rising 4 mm per year due to plate tectonics. Its surroundings include glaciers, icefalls, lakes, rivers, cliffs, and gorges.
For its stunning topography including the other eight thousand, the Sagarmatha National park has been inscribed in UNESCO’s list of the World Heritage Sites.
Mountain flights operating from Kathmandu are very popular among visitors for aerial views of the world’s highest peaks. A convenient means of reaching the Khumbu region is to take a 30-minute flight from Kathmandu to Lukla airport. Contact us for your Everest Base Camp Trek in Nepal.
Kanchenjunga (8,586m), is the third-highest mountain peak in the world. It lies on the border between Nepal Taplejung district and the Indian state of Sikkim. Kanchenjunga means a snowy land containing mines of five precious materials namely Kang (snow), Chen (big), Ju (store) Nga (five) materials such as salt, gold/coral. Religious book/property, weapons/bones, and cereals/medicinal herbs (Tibetan).
The huge Kanchenjunga massif is buttressed by great ridges running roughly east to west and north to south, forming a giant ‘X’. Its surroundings are extended in the Kanchenjunga Conservation Area of Nepal. And to the west of Sikkim (India) to the east and the extended Qomolungma Natural Preserve of Tibet (China) in the north. With its geographical position at the junction of the three countries. The protected areas have been proposed as a tri-national peace park.
In 1854, Joseph Dalton Hooker, the famous British botanist, explored the surroundings of the Kanchenjunga region. The first ascent to the peak was made by Joe Brown and George Band on May 25, followed by Norman Hardie and Tony Streather on May 26.
Kanchenjunga is accessible from the Suketar airstrip and the road head at Phungling bazaar in Taplejung District. Because of the remote location in the three countries, the Kanchenjunga region. This has remained largely unexplored by conventional trekkers, and thus, has retained much of its pristine beauty. Kindly Contact us for Kanchenjunga Adventure Trek in Nepal.
Lhotse (8,516 m) is the fourth highest mountain peak in the Global, It’s connected to Mount Everest at the South col. Lying at the border between Tibet (China) and Nepal. Its range also includes Lhotse Middle (8414m) and Lhotse Shar (8383m) Best known for its proximity to Mount Everest.
It is a dramatic Mountain peak in Nepal having the steepest south face that rises 3.2 km in only 2.25 km of horizontal distance. The western flank of Lhotse is also known as the Lhotse Face. It is a 1,125 m high wall of glacial blue ice. This face rises at 40 and 50-degree pitches with the occasional 80-degree bulges.
Makalu (8463m), the fifth heights mountain peak in the world, lies on the border between Nepal and Tibet (China). It is an isolated peak that has a four-sided pyramid shape. It has two notable subsidiary mountain peaks in Nepal, Makalu II also known as Kangchungtse (7,678 m), Lying about 3 km north-northwest, and chomo Lonzo (7804m) connected by a narrow 7,200 m Saddle.
Among the eight thousand, Makalu is one of the tougher ones to climb and is considered one of the most difficult climbs in the world. Its first ascent was made by Lionel terry and Jean Couzy by Jean Franco.
The mountain peak is a major landmark of the Makalu Barun National Park. It is accessible from Tumlingtar airport.
Cho Oyu (8201m) is the sixth highest mountain peak in the world and lies 20 km west of Mount Everest at the border between China and Nepal. It is just a few kilometers east of Nangpa (5,716m), a glaciated pass that serves as the main trading route between the Tibetans and Sherpa.
Due to its proximity to the pass and the generally moderate slopes of the standard north-west ridge route. Some climbers consider Cho Oyu to be the easiest 8,000-meter peak to climb. The popular objective for professionally guided expeditions. The first ascent was made by Austrians Joseph Jochler and Herbert Tichy along with Pasang Dawa (Nepal) on October 19, 1954.
Dhaulagiri (8167m), is the seventh highest mountain Peaks in Nepal and all around the world. It is located northwest of Nepal.
The peaks of Dhaulagiri and Annapurna rise 7000m over the Kali Gandaki river gorge in about 30 km of horizontal distance. The Dhaulagiri mountain system consists of prominent peaks ranging from Dhaulagiri VI (7268m) to Dhaulagiri I (8167m). Three peaks of Churen Himal-main (7,385m), east (7371m), and west (7,371m), the Hiunchuli (7,246m), and the Gurja Himal (7,193m).
The first successful ascent of the peak was made on May 13, 1960, by Kurt Diemberger, Peter Diener, Ernst Forrer, Albin Schelbert, Nyima Dorja, and Nawang Dorji, members of a Swiss/Austrian expedition.
Manaslu Circuit Trek
Manaslu (8, 1 63m), (meaning ‘Mountain of Spirit’ in Sanskrit) is the eighth highest mountain peak in the world. And is located in the Gorkha district of Nepal. It’s linked to the long ridges and valley glaciers offering feasible approaches from all directions. It towers steeply above the surrounding landscape, and it’s a dominant feature when viewed from afar.
Manaslu was first climbed on May 9, 1956, by Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu, a member of a Japanese expedition. En route, Manaslu is a unique hiking area in Nepal. Contact us for Manaslu Circuit Trek in Nepal.
Annapurna (8,091m) is the tenth highest mountain peak in the world. The Annapurna range is a 55 km long massif with its highest peak, the Annapurna I (8,091). The five other prominent peaks are Annapurna II (7,937m), Annapurna III (7,555m), Annapurna IV (7,525m), Gangapurna (7,455m), and Annapurna South (7,219m). The word ‘Anna’ means paddy or grains and ‘Purna’ means mound in Sanskrit.
Annapurna I was the first eight thousand to be climbed. Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal of a French expedition reached the summit on June 3, 1950. The highest summit attained on earth for three years, until the first successful ascent of Mount Everest.
Machhapuchhare (6,993m) is also popularly known as the ‘Fishtail Mountain’ for its unique shape. It is an important mountain peak in Nepal for the Annapurna range.